Safety of EMLA Cream in Newborn Infants
Bringing a child into this world is one of the greatest joys of mankind. Parents, especially mothers, are always extra careful when handling their newborns. They would do anything to prevent their child from feeling any kind of pain.
One of the necessary pains experienced by children at the early months of their birth is that of vaccination needles. This helps to prevent the child from infection and illness. But guess what!
The go-to solution of most mothers to ease the pain of the needles is EMLA cream. Basic instinct fills you with questions like, What is EMLA cream, how to use it, and is it how safe is it for newborn infants? Not to worry, the answers to these questions are given appraisal below.
What is EMLA cream?
EMLA cream is a local topical anesthetic cream that is effective against pains associated with minor medical procedures. It contains 2.5% lignocaine and 2.5% prilocaine.
EMLA cream is safe for adults and children of a certain age if applied as recommended by the manufacturer or doctor. The cream can be applied on body surfaces before needle insertion, blood donation and testing, minor dermatological procedures, and laser therapy.
How safe is EMLA cream for newborn babies
Various research has shown that EMLA is ineffective against vaccination needle pains in infants. When used causes a condition called Methamoglobinaemia in infants which is dangerous. This is why parents should be cautious.
EMLA cream should not be used in newborn babies that are a year old and on sulphonamide medications. Even children on methaemoglobin-inducing drugs are not supposed to use EMLA cream. Because of issues concerning safety, babies that less than 37 weeks gestational age should not use EMLA cream.
However several studies show that EMLA cream is effective for infant circumcision. The problem with most of the studies is that the results were inconclusive. Which led some researchers to suggest that instead of using EMLA cream on infants other anesthetics are better.
For EMLA cream to be effective, you need to be knowledgeable about the application. Like; the time of application, the area of application, and the dose that should be considered before application. EMLA cream can only be used on intact skin and never to be used on broken skin.
The area of application must be covered with an occlusive for it to penetrate the skin and be effective.
If EMLA cream should be used on infants at all, it must be for a maximum of 1 hour before needles. Also, the children should be monitored and held in place so that they do not put it in their mouth or eyes. Click here!
Side effects associated with using EMLA cream on infants
The side effects on infants are dire. If anti-side-effect is noticed, call the attention of a doctor immediately. Some of the side effects of EMLA cream on infants are;
- Burns ranging from mild and tingling to severe.
- Redness of the skin.
- Difficulty in breathing. The infant might start gasping for air in rare cases.
- Feeling of nausea and dizziness.
- Fainting may occur.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Brain seizures.
Lactating mothers are advised not to apply EMLA cream on the breast area. This is because the child’s mouth might come in contact with it. Find out more at https://www.beaconclub.net/top-three-best-and-safest-ways-to-teach-your-child-to-swim/